Qarabağın qadın, kişi, uşaq geyimləri – XIX əsrin sonları. - KIAZ Platform
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Women's, men's and children's clothing of Karabakh - the end of the XIX century.

The historical and ethnographic region of Karabakh of the Republic of Azerbaijan is recognized in the world as one of the primary centers of human civilization. Historian-ethnographer XDKhalilli rightly writes, referring to its borders, natural, material and spiritual riches, factual materials on the history of ethno-cultural development, scientific research works, The Araz River stretched from the west through the Koshbek, Salvarti and Arikli mountains, commonly known as the Karabakh Mountains, to Lake Goycha, and from the north to the Goran-Kur River. It has a diverse climate, colorful soil cover, rich flora and fauna. It is no coincidence that nine of the eleven climate types observed in the world are found in Azerbaijan and six in Karabakh. The Azykh monument proves that ancient people settled in Karabakh 1.2 million years ago. The lower jaw of an 18-22-year-old woman who lived 350,000 years ago was found in the Azykh cave. The world archeological science already recognizes the ancient "Guruchay culture" of Karabakh as one of the first cultural centers of mankind. European historiography confirms that the "Guruchay culture" had a positive impact on the culture of ancient Mesopotamia and the Middle East.

WOMEN'S CLOTHES OF KARABAKH

In the early 19th and early 20th centuries, Azerbaijan's traditional women's clothing was its own It was distinguished by the variety of colors, the complexity of the style and sewing style, as well as the variety of types and shapes. Although the local women's clothing, details and features of the regions were more or less reflected in the traditional women's clothing of the population of the historical and ethnographic regions of Azerbaijan, including Karabakh, in general, these clothes attracted more attention in general. In other words, the women's clothing complex was typologically pan-Azerbaijani. Karabakh's national women's clothing has historically been "underwear" and "outerwear" was available in two variants. Women's underwear is made of "undershirt" (in some regions of Azerbaijan it is also called "length", "soul shirt", "meat shirt"), "shalta" (rough skirt), especially from the "bag" spread among cattle-breeders. (Thai drawers).

KARABAKH MEN'S CLOTHES

In the early XIX-XX centuries, the traditional men's clothing of the population of Karabakh It has an all-Azerbaijani and even pan-Caucasian character due to its method and sewing technique, and was distinguished only by its local features, which are not very important. Traditional men's clothing consisted of undergarments and tops, knee-length trousers, trousers, backs, backs (fleece, stuffing, leather, cotton), chukha, fur, maker, as well as hats and shoes of various shapes and names. GVUrazov, who gave information about men's clothes of Jabrayil district in the 80s of the 19th century, wrote that these clothes were made of white and blue undershirt, knee-length knee-length trousers made of this material, wide woolen trousers worn in winter, top shirt, It consists of a back-worn back and a back-worn chukha. They wear a conical hat made of sheepskin and not very tall all year round. They wear coarse woolen socks, bald or ox-leather boots.

headgear

In the 16th century, Azerbaijanis were called red-headed, because they wore a thin, high, red hat on their heads and wrapped it in yellow. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, women's hats, as in previous periods, attracted attention with their variety. Women's hats consisted mainly of two parts, combining headdresses and headdresses. Some of the headdresses played the role of a hairdresser and had a hygienic purpose. qızılbaşlar In the 16th century, Azerbaijanis were called Qizilbaslar, because they wore a thin, high, red hat on their heads and wrapped it in yellow. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, women's hats, as in previous periods, attracted attention with their variety. Women's hats consisted mainly of two parts, combining headdresses and headdresses. Some of the headdresses played the role of a hairdresser and had a hygienic purpose.

At the beginning of the XIX-XX centuries, the headgear of the Tesek (chapchik) type was more typical for the Sheki-Zagatala, Shirvan, Karabakh and Western regions of Azerbaijan. In the western region, three types of women's ornaments (saya, pearl and kayasava) have been registered, which differ in style, shape, style of wear and fabric material. Saya tasek was made of white or colored cotton fabric by cutting. The tube, which consisted of two sides (ears) and a skull, was turned upside down after being sewn on, and the seams remained inside. They wore it in such a way that it covered both the back of the neck and the ears. To keep it firmly on the head, a loop was attached to the right ear of the support, which was passed under the chin and attached to the button attached to the left ear.

At the beginning of the XIX-XX centuries, the headgear of the Tesek (chapchik) type was more typical for the Sheki-Zagatala, Shirvan, Karabakh and Western regions of Azerbaijan. In the western region, three types of women's ornaments (saya, pearl and kayasava) have been registered, which differ in style, shape, style of wear and fabric material. Saya tasek was made of white or colored cotton fabric by cutting. The tube, which consisted of two sides (ears) and a skull, was turned upside down after being sewn on, and the seams remained inside. They wore it in such a way that it covered both the back of the neck and the ears. To keep it firmly on the head, a loop was attached to the right ear of the support, which was passed under the chin and attached to the button attached to the left ear.

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